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Thứ Tư, 20 tháng 2, 2013

SIÊU ÂM CHẨN ĐOÁN THOÁT VỊ BẸN


Groin hernias are common conditions, and there is a need for accurate imaging when the clinical diagnosis is not clear. A meta-analysis was undertaken to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of sonography in the diagnosis of inguinal hernias. After review of literature searches, 9 original articles were included. Data were pooled and statistically analyzed. In the studies included, sensitivity ranged from 92.7% to 100%; specificity ranged from 22.2% to 100%; the positive predictive value ranged from 83.3 to 100%; and the negative predictive value ranged from 40 to 100%. Sonography has overall sensitivity of 96.6 %, specificity of 84.8%, and a positive predictive value of 92.6%. In cases of diagnostic uncertainty, sonography offers value as an initial imaging modality. It has advantages over other radiologic methods, as it is inexpensive and has minimal complications. When the clinical diagnosis of an inguinal hernia is uncertain, sonographic findings should be interpreted in conjunction with clinical judgment, as its diagnostic accuracy is reduced in the absence of any clinically palpable hernia.

 
In conclusion, the diagnosis of groin hernias is primarily made by clinical examination. In cases of uncertainty, sonography offers value as an initial imaging modality. It has advantages over other radiologic methods, as it is inexpensive, does not use ionizing radiation or strong magnetic fields, and has minimal complications. When the clinical diagnosis of an inguinal hernia is uncertain, sonographic findings should be interpreted in conjunction with clinical judgment, as the diagnostic accuracy of sonography is reduced in the absence of any clinically palpable hernia.

 
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